But then he returns to the board and continues his pursuit of chess perfection. As the World Champion, you can influence the future of the game more than. Annotated games and results of the World Chess Championship , London chess tournament. Nov. Some renders of the venue for the World Chess Championship Match. Fabiano Caruana (USA) hat das FIDE Kandidatenturnier im März.
He then went on to successfully defend his title against Anand in , against Sergey Karjakin in  and against Fabiano Caruana in The official world championship is generally regarded to have begun in , when the two leading players in Europe and the United States, Johann Zukertort and Wilhelm Steinitz respectively, played a match.
From to , the champion set the terms, requiring any challenger to raise a sizable stake and defeat the champion in a match in order to become the new world champion.
The titles were unified at the World Chess Championship The World Computer Chess Championship is open to computer chess programs and hardware. The concept of a world chess champion started to emerge in the first half of the 19th century, and the phrase "world champion" appeared in From this time onwards various players were acclaimed as world champions, but the first contest that was defined in advance as being for the world championship was the match between Steinitz and Zukertort in Until world championship contests were matches arranged privately between the players.
As a result, the players also had to arrange the funding, in the form of stakes provided by enthusiasts who wished to bet on one of the players. In the early 20th century this was sometimes a barrier that prevented or delayed challenges for the title.
Between and various difficulties that arose in match negotiations led players to try to define agreed rules for matches, including the frequency of matches, how much or how little say the champion had in the conditions for a title match and what the stakes and division of the purse should be.
However these attempts were unsuccessful in practice, as the same issues continued to delay or prevent challenges. The first attempt by an external organization to manage the world championship was in —89, but this experiment was not repeated.
A system for managing regular contests for the title went into operation in , under the control of FIDE , and functioned quite smoothly until The split in the world championship continued until the reunification match in ; however, the compromises required in order to achieve reunification had effects that lasted until the match.
After reunification, FIDE retains the right to organize the world championship match, stabilizing to a two-year cycle. The first match proclaimed by the players as for the world championship was the match that Wilhelm Steinitz won against Johannes Zukertort in However, a line of players regarded as the strongest or at least the most famous in the world extends back hundreds of years beyond them, and these players are sometimes considered the world champions of their time.
Something resembling a world championship match was the La Bourdonnais - McDonnell chess matches in , in which La Bourdonnais played a series of six matches — and 85 games — against the Irishman Alexander McDonnell.
At present de La Bourdonnais, like Alexander the Great , is without heir, and there is room to fear the empire may be divided eventually under a number of petty kings.
The London tournament was won by the German Adolf Anderssen , establishing Anderssen as the leading player in the world.
Anderssen was himself decisively defeated in an match against the American Paul Morphy , after which Morphy was toasted across the chess-playing world as the world chess champion.
Morphy played matches against several leading players, crushing them all. Stanley was uncertain about whether to describe the Morphy— Harrwitz match as being for the world championship.
Finding no takers, he abruptly retired from chess the following year, but many considered him the world champion until his death in His sudden withdrawal from chess at his peak led to his being known as "the pride and sorrow of chess".
Wilhelm Steinitz narrowly defeated Anderssen in an match, which some commentators consider the first "official" world championship match.
In , Johannes Zukertort won the Paris chess tournament though Steinitz did not play , and later won the London chess tournament by a convincing 3 point margin, ahead of nearly every leading player in the world, including Steinitz.
Graham Burgess lists Philidor, de la Bourdonnais, Staunton, and Morphy as players who were acclaimed as the greatest players of their time Burgess The championship was conducted on a fairly informal basis through the remainder of the 19th century and in the first half of the 20th: If he won, he would become the new champion.
There was no formal system of qualification. However, it is generally considered that the system did on the whole produce champions who were the strongest players of their day.
There is no evidence that Steinitz claimed the title for himself immediately after winning a match against Adolf Anderssen in , although in his International Chess Magazine September and April he claimed to have been the champion since The Irish Times 6 March argued that Steinitz had forfeited the title by prolonged absence from competitive chess and therefore Zukertort should be regarded as champion.
In the American Chess Congress started work on drawing up regulations for the future conduct of world championship contests.
Steinitz supported this endeavor, as he thought he was becoming too old to remain world champion. The proposal evolved through many forms as Steinitz pointed out, such a project had never been undertaken before , and resulted in the New York tournament to select a challenger for Steinitz, rather like the more recent Candidates Tournaments.
The tournament was duly played, but the outcome was not quite as planned: Mikhail Chigorin and Max Weiss tied for first place; their play-off resulted in four draws; and neither wanted to play a match against Steinitz — Chigorin had just lost to him, and Weiss wanted to get back to his work for the Rothschild Bank.
The third prizewinner Isidore Gunsberg was prepared to play Steinitz for the title in New York, and Steinitz won their match in — Lasker was the first champion after Steinitz; although he did not defend his title in — or —20, he did string together an impressive run of tournament victories and dominated his opponents.
His success was largely due to the fact that he was an excellent practical player. In difficult or objectively lost positions he would complicate matters and use his extraordinary tactical abilities to save the game.
He held the title from to , the longest reign 27 years of any champion. In that period he defended the title successfully in one-sided matches against Steinitz, Frank Marshall , Siegbert Tarrasch and Dawid Janowski , and was only seriously threatened in a tied match against Carl Schlechter.
Capablanca objected to the two-game lead clause; Lasker took offence at the terms in which Capablanca criticized the two-game lead condition and broke off negotiations.
Capablanca argued that, if the champion abdicated, the title must go to the challenger as any other arrangement would be unfair to the challenger British Chess Magazine , October Nonetheless Lasker agreed to play a match against Capablanca in , announcing that, if he won, he would resign the title so that younger masters could compete for it "Dr Lasker and the Championship" in American Chess Bulletin , September—October After the breakdown of his first attempt to negotiate a title match against Lasker , Capablanca drafted rules for the conduct of future challenges, which were agreed by the other top players at the Saint Petersburg tournament, including Lasker, and approved at the Mannheim Congress later that year.
The main points were: Following the controversies surrounding his match against Lasker, in world champion Capablanca proposed the "London Rules": The only match played under those rules was Capablanca vs Alekhine in , although there has been speculation that the actual contract might have included a "two-game lead" clause.
The aggressive Alekhine was helped by his tactical skill, which complicated the game. Immediately after winning, Alekhine announced that he was willing to grant Capablanca a return match provided Capablanca met the requirements of the "London Rules".
In , Alekhine was unexpectedly defeated by the Dutch Max Euwe , an amateur player who worked as a mathematics teacher.
Alekhine convincingly won a rematch in World War II temporarily prevented any further world title matches, and Alekhine remained world champion until his death in Attempts to form an international chess federation were made at the time of the St.
Petersburg , Mannheim and Gothenburg Tournaments. Alekhine agreed to place future matches for the world title under the auspices of FIDE, except that he would only play Capablanca under the same conditions that governed their match in Although FIDE wished to set up a "unification" match between Alekhine and Bogoljubow, it made little progress and the title "Champion of FIDE" quietly vanished after Alekhine won the world championship match that he and Bogoljubow themselves arranged.
While negotiating his World Championship rematch with Alekhine, Euwe proposed that if he retained the title FIDE should manage the nomination of future challengers and the conduct of championship matches.
FIDE had been trying since to introduce rules on how to select challengers, and its various proposals favored selection by some sort of committee.
While they were debating procedures in and Alekhine and Euwe were preparing for their rematch later that year, the Royal Dutch Chess Federation proposed that a super-tournament AVRO of ex-champions and rising stars should be held to select the next challenger.
FIDE rejected this proposal and at their second attempt nominated Salo Flohr as the official challenger. Euwe then declared that: Many times Champion of Iran, he was a member of the national team in The lecturer was IA For many years she was among world best players and in Suhumi Candidates tournament missed opportunity During the meeting they thoroughly discussed the prospect for further cooperation in the near future and agreed on the nearest short term actions.
This will ensure that Players can accept invitations to both.. There will be four exciting knock-out events: May 16th — 30th; 2nd leg: July 11th — 25th; 3rd leg: November 4th — 18th; 4th leg: He lives in St.
Louis, Missouri—the city where he won the Sinquefield Cup after starting with a historic seven straight wins. FIDE demands that the prize fund of the match should be a minimum of one million euros , net of any applicable taxes.
Organizer World Chess reportedly provided not more than the minimum amount, except for part of the ticket revenue. The prize fund will be divided 60 percent to the winner and 40 percent to the loser if the match ends within the 12 regular games.
After each game, you will find detailed news reports by our authors MikeKlein , PeterDoggers and our photographer Maria Emelianova misslovalova , who will all be in London to provide on-site coverage each day.
These are most important things to know:. The world championship of chess has a long tradition. The first official match was held in between Johannes Zukertort and Wilhelm Steinitz.
The latter won, and became the first official world chess champion in history. Alekhine won back the title but due to his death in , it became vacant.
Karpov was declared world champion. He defeated Nigel Short and Vishy Anand , but lost to Vladimir Kramnik in , who thus is considered to be the 14th classical world champion.
Anand took over the title from Kramnik in a tournament in in Mexico, and subsequently defended it successfully in matches against Kramnik in , Topalov in and Boris Gelfand in Magnus Carlsen defeated Anand in in Chennai, and successfully defended his title against the same opponent in , and against Sergey Karjakin in His third match opponent will be Fabiano Caruana, in November Nov 28, , He has now successfully defended his title for the third time.